[monster] monster.tw 記錄 / memo / ubuntu / 裝 圖形介面 / GUI / gnome desktop / ip address / setting

昨天晚上去一位朋友公司幫忙用他們的 server , 回來就想要做幾件事:

1. 記錄一下自己的 server 某些重要檔案, 也可供其他人參考

2. 備份重要 file

3. 隨時準備好最新版的救援CD/Live CD/Live USB , 最新版的 Monster LAMP pack 也要燒好收著.

4. 準備一個 “萬用” 含各類 driver 的 linux kernel , 以供救援使用.

5. 搞懂 booting steps / GRUB setting


[email protected]:~# cat /etc/fstab

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
# Use 'vol_id --uuid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).

proc            /proc           proc    defaults        0       0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=46312252-8925-4e60-ab5f-af240b4b440f /               ext3    relatime,errors=remount-ro 0       1
# swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=bf9a64f1-3eb8-433c-8311-8d971be82dc2 none            swap    sw              0       0
/dev/scd0       /media/cdrom0   udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0       0

service / daemon 管理工具

sysv-rc-conf text based utility :

sudo apt-get install sysv-rc-conf

另一套 GUI

sudo apt-get install gnome-system-tools gdm

monster.tw 是裝這個 apt-get install rcconf

列出 runlevels 的 program : chkconfig

裝 圖形介面 / GUI / gnome desktop

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop --no-install-recommends

啟動 desktop manager :

/etc/init.d/gdm start

stop x server / 關掉 x window: /etc/init.d/gdm stop

改 IP address

cat /etc/network/interfaces
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
        # dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed
        dns-search monster.tw

重新啟動 networking
/etc/init.d/networking restart

若要使用 DHCP 的話

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp

加上 default route


或另一個 static route

up route add -net netmask gw

change host name:

改 /etc/hostname
改 /etc/hosts

若是用 vmware 之類的軟體導致 clone 出來的 ubuntu 網路 interface 跑掉, 可以砍掉 
後 reboot , 就可以解決了.