Tag Archives: apache

amazon aws ami LAMP / NGINX / PHP / memcache steps

// —–

sudo apt-get install nginx php5-fpm php5-mysql
cd /etc/init.d/
sudo service apache2 stop
sudo update-rc.d -f apache2 remove


Install Memcached
sudo apt-get install memcached libmemcached-dev php5-memcached php5-memcache

// ====================

Getting a new virtual machine up and running from the default AMI is easy.  Here’s my cookbook:
Install basic services

    yum install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel
    yum install httpd httpd-devel
    yum install php php-devel php-mysql php-gd php-dom php-pear php-json
    yum install svn

Configure those services to start at boot

    chkconfig –level 345 httpd on
    chkconfig –level 345 mysqld on
    chkconfig –list

Install APC

I couldn’t find a package, and this bug report explains why we have to use the beta.

    yum install gcc pcre-devel
    pecl install apc-beta
    echo extension=apc.so > /etc/php.d/apc.ini

Install memcached

    yum install libevent libevent-devel
    curl -O http://memcached.googlecode.com/files/memcached-1.4.5.tar.gz
    cd memcached-1.4.5
    make ; make install
    /usr/local/bin/memcached -u nobody -d -m 30 -l -p 11211

// ----
[root@ip-10-130-9-23 log]# cat /etc/fstab 
LABEL=/     /           ext4    defaults,noatime  1   1
tmpfs       /dev/shm    tmpfs   defaults        0   0
devpts      /dev/pts    devpts  gid=5,mode=620  0   0
sysfs       /sys        sysfs   defaults        0   0
proc        /proc       proc    defaults        0   0
[root@ip-10-130-9-23 log]# cat /etc/mtab 
/dev/xvda1 / ext4 rw,noatime 0 0
proc /proc proc rw 0 0
sysfs /sys sysfs rw 0 0
devpts /dev/pts devpts rw,gid=5,mode=620 0 0
tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs rw 0 0
none /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc binfmt_misc rw 0 0


解決用 NFS 當 documentroot 時會當掉的方法

在 apache 的 core document 中的 EnableMMAP Directive 有提到 ,

With an NFS-mounted DocumentRoot, the httpd may crash due to a segmentation fault if a file is deleted or truncated while the httpd has it memory-mapped.


EnableMMAP Off
  • With a network-mounted DocumentRoot (e.g., NFS or SMB), the kernel may be unable to serve the network file through its own cache.

For server configurations that are vulnerable to these problems, you should disable this feature by specifying:

EnableSendfile Off

[★★★★] debian / ubuntu LAMP : 裝 oracle instant client / sqlplus / oci8 / apache2 config / steps by steps


Screenshot 2016-02-02 16.02.21

-rw-r–r–@ 1 rimmon  staff  62587782  8  2  2014 oracle-instantclient12.1-basic-

-rw-r–r–@ 1 rimmon  staff    634803  8  2  2014 oracle-instantclient12.1-devel-

-rw-r–r–@ 1 rimmon  staff    852271  8  2  2014 oracle-instantclient12.1-sqlplus-


// 2016.0202 —-

裝 pecl/oci8 command:

pecl install oci8-2.0.10



2013.1225 added

3  apt-get install alien

6  apt-get install nfs-common

8  apt-get install sshfs



apt-get install  apache2 libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-dev php5-gd  php5-mysql php5-memcache memcached php-pear




2011.0530 整理的 install step by step:
OS : uname -a
Linux ubuntu 2.6.38-8-server #42-Ubuntu SMP Mon Apr 11 03:49:04 UTC 2011 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

Oracle client : 11.2 R1

google "oracle instant client download"
到 oracle 網頁找 Instant Client for Linux x86-64 / Version (PS: Version 這版有問題)
download 這兩個
oracle-instantclient11.2-basic- (47,811,007 bytes)
oracle-instantclient11.2-devel- (606,343 bytes)
用 alien 裝起來
  102  alien -i *basic*
  103  alien -i *devel*

新增這個檔 /etc/ld.so.conf.d/oracle.conf , 內容:

  104  cat /etc/ld.so.conf.d/oracle.conf
  105  ls -l /usr/lib/oracle/
  106  ls -l /usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64/lib/

安裝 LAMP :
  108  export http_proxy=""
  109  apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-dev php5-gd mysql-server php5-mysql

安裝 libaio 套件
  138  apt-get install libaio1

安裝 pear 套件
  112  apt-get install php-pear

安裝 pecl 的 oci8 套件
pear config-set http_proxy

  114  pecl update-channels
  115  pecl install oci8

  117  find /etc -name php.ini
這兩個檔要加入 oci8 的 extentsion

install ok: channel://pecl.php.net/oci8-1.4.5
configuration option "php_ini" is not set to php.ini location
You should add "extension=oci8.so" to php.ini <------ 加這行


$conn = oci_connect('oracle_user', 'oracle_pass', 'ip_address/instant_id');

$stid = oci_parse($conn, "select to_char(sysdate, 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') from dual" );

$row = oci_fetch_array($stid, OCI_ASSOC+OCI_RETURN_NULLS);
print_r( $row );

oci_close( $conn );

// ——————————–
以下是 2011.5.25 修改

   69  find / -name sqlplus -print
   70  /usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64/bin/sqlplus
   71  cat > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/oracle.conf

   73  ls -l /usr/lib/oracle/11.2/client64/lib/

   76  vi /etc/ld.so.conf.d/oracle.conf
   77  apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-gd mysql-server php5-mysql

   86  apt-get install php-pear

   91  pear config-set http_proxy
   92  pecl update-channels

   95  pecl install oci8

2010.0630 : 今天又在 debian 裝一次 發現, 這個版本沒辦法裝 oracle-instantclient11.2.* , 所以繼續用 instantclient11.1.*

Ubuntu 安裝 RPM 要用 alien …
sudo apt-get install alien

Ref. https://help.ubuntu.com/community/HowToBuildToraWithOracle

先去 http://www.oracle.com/technology/software/tech/oci/instantclient/htdocs/linuxsoft.html

download 這幾個 files (rpm)

Instant Client Package – Basic Lite

Instant Client Package – SQL*Plus

Instant Client Package – SDK

下 alien 指令安裝 rpm

alien -i oracle-instantclient11.1-basiclite-
alien -i oracle-instantclient11.1-sqlplus-
alien -i oracle-instantclient11.1-devel-

裝好後用 sqlplus 聯看看 , 因為我得到一個 lib error

所以我要裝 apt-get install libaio1

在 /etc/ld.so.conf.d 加一個檔 cat > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/oracle.conf

內容是 oracle lib 的 path /usr/lib/oracle/11.1/client/lib


apt-get install php5

apt-get install php5-dev

因為 oci8 是由 pecl 來安裝的, 所以要 apt-get install php-pear

再來裝 oci8 : pecl install oci8

在 /etc/php5/conf.d 下建一個 oci8.ini 檔 , cat > /etc/php5/conf.d/oci8.ini 內容是


重新啟動 apache2 :

service apache2 restart

看看 phpinfo 有沒有出現 oci8 等字樣就 ok 了


加一個 virtual host :

在 /etc/apache2/sites-enabled 增加一個 xxx.conf 檔

CodeIgniter 需要用 rewrite module :

ls -sf /etc/apache2/mods-available/rewrite.load /etc/apache2/mods-enabled